In 1875, he became a cornet at Her Empress Leib-Guards Hussars. He was the father to literary historian D. Svyatopolk-Mirsky took part in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78.And was decorated for valour in the Battle of Kars. Then he studied at the General Staff Academy. In 1884, he was made the acting commander of the staff of 31st Infantry division, and in 1887, he was appointed to commander of staff of 3d Grenadier. In 1895, he was appointed the governor of Penza. And in 1897 the governor of Yekaterinoslav. Appointed Svyatopolk-Mirsky assistant Minister of the Interior. And commander of the Imperial Corps of Gendarmes.
After Sipyagin's assassination in 1902, Svyatopolk-Mirsky resigned as assistant minister but was persuaded to accept the position of Governor-General of Vilna. As the Governor-General, Svyatopolk-Mirsky was credited with successful liberal reforms, defusing national tensions in the province by allowing more rights to the national minorities, stopping pogroms. In July 1904, he succeeded to the position of Minister of the Interior. His appointment was seen as a victory of Liberals. Over the Conservatives and in the Court term as a victory of the party of widow Empress Maria Fyodorovna.
(who supported the liberal reforms and was a patroness of Pyotr's sister Olga) over the party of Empress consort. And Sipiagin credited Svyatopolk-Mirsky with being an honourable, intelligent man of the highest moral principles, which is notable due to his attempts at liberal reform in Imperial Russia. These reforms began with permitting members of the local Zemstvos. To gather to discuss broader policy issues and coordination of Zemstvo programs, something that had not been permitted in Russia regularly.
The remaining reforms were embodied in a decree that called for the inclusion of elected members to the State Council, removal of the restrictions on the Old Believers. Measures to strengthen legality, extend freedom of the press and religion, broaden the authority of local self-government, eliminate unnecessary restrictions on non-Russians, and do away with exceptional laws in general. Svyatopolk-Mirsky not only allowed the congress, but also participated in its work and personally delivered its decision to Tsar Nicholas II. Along with his own plan for constitutional reforms.
Svyatopolk-Mirsky's plan included transferring more power to the State Council of Imperial Russia. The plan was much less radical than the reforms implemented by the October Manifesto. 1905, but in December 1904 it was considered ultra-radical and was dismissed.
The massacre of a peaceful demonstration in Saint Petersburg. Occurred on 22 January O.
According to Svyatopolk-Mirsky, he never had authorised the shooting of the demonstrators, but still fulfilled his final duty to the tsar, becoming the scapegoat. According to Svyatopolk-Mirsky's opponents, he not only did authorise the shooting, but also actively encouraged the demonstration in order to push his own political agenda. Svyatopolk-Mirsky was replaced as minister of the Interior by Alexander Bulygin. In February 1905 and retired from government service. As a retired Minister of Interior, he was expected to be appointed a member of the State Council of Imperial Russia.But it was not the case. He retired from the political life until his death on 16 May 1914.
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